Data

Year of publication

2014

Type

Quantitative

Design

Cross-sectional

Classification

NOVA (3 groups)

Country studied

Brazil

Data

Secondary

Data Collected

Food record

Study setting

Household and laboratory

Age group of participant

All ages

Participant sex

Mixed

Target population

General

Sample size

n=55,970 (households)

Ultra-processed food products and obesity in Brazilian households (2008-2009)./PLoS ONE

Goal

Analyze the relationship between household availability of processed and ultra-processed products and the prevalence of excess weight and obesity in Brazil.

Results

The mean contribution of processed and ultra-processed products to total dietary energy availability ranged from 15.4% (lower quartile) to 39.4% (upper quartile). Adjusted linear regression coefficients indicated that household availability of ultra-processed products was positively associated with both the average BMI and the prevalence of excess weight and obesity, whereas processed products were not associated with these outcomes. In addition, people in the upper quartile of household consumption of ultra-processed products, compared with those in the lower quartile, were 37% more likely to be obese.

Authors

Canella DS, Levy RB, Martins APB, Claro RM, Moubarac JC, Baraldi LG, Cannon G, Monteiro CA.

Journal

DOI